How to help
make your pool kid friendlier? Kids are the
reason most pools are purchased and making the
experience as enjoyable as possible is the goal
of good water management. Kids tend to spend a
lot of time in the water and, ultimately, depend
on the adults for the important matters of pool
safety and water quality. If problems
arise, refer to the
Page, as a source of problem-solving
information, broken down into various
categories. Scroll down the page and click on the linked
or images, in the archived answers below, to access additional information, on that topic or product.
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Problem-Solving Information, in a question and
Electrical Safety Concerns?
Last year, I read about a lifeguard
being electrocuted in a local
community pool. Is there a
safeguard against something like
that? Thank you.
Betty F., Wake Forest, NC, 4/16/2017
Tragedies like that are not common,
but they can happen. In the case,
you are referring to, a buried
grounding wire evidently corroded,
after 40+ years in the ground. There
was no warning and all codes,
applicable at that time, were
followed. Technology has
provided a convenient and
effective way to detect as little as
Shock-Guard 24/7 will sound an
audible alarm, warning of the
potential electrical hazard.
In this case, had Shock-Guard 24/7
been installed, the tragedy might
have been averted. Safety
matters. I hope that this
information is helpful.
Sincerely. Alan Schuster,
Blonde Hair Turning Green?
My daughter's hair has developed a
green tinge. I have been told
that it is something present in the
pool water. She loves the pool
and uses it fpr hours a day.
What to do? Thank you for any
Beverly J., Knoxville, TN, 7/24/2015
like the cause is too much copper.
While copper can occur naturally, it
is usually too low to cause
problems, unless well water is being
Start by having the source and pool
water tested for copper.
Anything over 0.3 PPM, should be
considered too high. Apart
from the naturally occurring copper,
it is also present in some algaecide
and winterizing chemicals. The
over use of
mineralizers or ionizers can add
too much copper, unless they are
properly monitored. If you
have a heater, corrosion due to
acidic pH, can result in copper
corrosion, within the heater.
Refresh can remove the copper,
iron and even phosphates. Once
done, take care to periodically test
for copper, in order to stay ahead
of the problem. So far as the
green tint is concerned, try
applying liberal amount of hair
conditioner and allow to remain in
the hair, for about 15 minutes.
Rinse and shampoo. This should
begin to pull out some of the
copper. Repeat, as needed.
I hope that this is helpful.
Sincerely. Alan Schuster,
► Don't "Pee" In the
A friend of mine insists that there is
a product that will cause the water to turn a color, if
someone urinates in the pool. None of the pool stores around
here seem to have the product. What is it called and where
can I get it? I need to do something about the kids and you
know what. Help.
Bob O., Hicksville, NY, 7/3/2014
You wouldn't believe how often this subject comes up. But,
alas, there is no such product. It is a joke, that seems to
have spread itself around. However, urinating in a swimming
pool is not a joke. It will very quickly deplete the Free
Chlorine and produce those irritating and odorous
Chloramines. That's why there is a smell. The only remedy is
to shock the pool and reestablish the Free Chlorine level.
Sorry about not having the solution Enjoy the summer.
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 7/3/2014
Concerns In Vanishing Edge Pool?
I have an in-ground overflow pool.
Would an alarm work in my pool?
Kevin R., Cyprus, 4/8/2009
There should be no problem using a
Pool Alarm System, in an
overflow or vanishing edge pool. It will provide the added
safety, that you are seeking. Enjoy the pool.
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 4/8/2009
► Kids With
My two daughters have blonde hair, the
natural type, and have developed a greenish tint in their
hair. We have had the pool for three years and this is the
first time this has happened. What can I do to stop the
problem and is there anything that can help their hair?
Please help. Thank you.
Dave A., Rocky Mount, NC, 7/23/2011
Two possibilities. The chlorine is affecting the hair and/or
some of the hair products, that might have been used. The
other, more likely possibility is copper. You can test the
water for Copper, to confirm any presence. The question is
what is the source of the copper. Chelated copper algaecides
are usually not the problem, especially if used as directed.
If you have a heater and use chlorine or bromine, the
presence of low pH conditions over prolonged periods can
result in some copper corrosion in the heater. This will add
copper to the water in a problematic form. In either case,
here is what I suggest. Add a double dose, for each 1 PPM of
copper, of a Quality Mineral Treatment, such as
phosphate-free Liquid METALTRAP. This will chelate
(stabilize) the copper and avoid further problems. So far as
the hair is concerned, try this: shampoo in the usual manner
and apply a generous amount of acidic Leading Brand Hair
Conditioner and leave on for 15 minutes. These products have
a very low pH and should help "pull out" the discoloration.
Repeat daily, as necessary. Kids can spend a lot of time in
the pool and that can make them more susceptible, to this
problem, than adults. I hope that I have been helpful. Enjoy
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 7/24/2011
► "Red Eyes"?
We have a small, 12 foot round pool.
My two children have gotten "red eyes" a few times. What
cause this? Thank you.
Rita S., Bayside, NY, 8/4/2004
Red eyes or stinging eyes can be an irritation problem, that
results from high levels of chloramines: an irritating,
odorous and ineffective form of combined chlorine. Make sure
that you use a Free Chlorine Test Kit and that you keep the
Free Chlorine level at 1-3 PPM, as much of the time as
possible. Try and keep the Total Chlorine level, no more
than 1-2 PPM, above the Free Chlorine. This will keep the
amount of chloramines to a minimum. Small above ground pools
can be quickly depleted of all of the chlorine. Inadequate
sanitation can lead to infections and kids can spend a lot
of time in and under the water. Because the volume of water
is relatively small, in your pool, the sanitizer can be
depleted very quickly. If there are small children
involved, I suggest that your test the Free Chlorine before
the pool is used, at the first signs of loss of water
quality and periodically throughout the day, depending upon
the pool usage. The use of a non-chlorine shock, on an
as-needed basis, can help to reduce the chloramines present
in the water. All medical conditions should be evaluated
by a medical doctor. I hope that I have been helpful.
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 8/4/2004
We have two toddlers and are very,
very concerned about pool safety, as they are wily climbers.
I have read your high recommendation of the automatic pool
cover as an answer to another question sent to you about a
toddler. My question is, how do you think it stacks up as
compared to the net cover? We are concerned about water
collecting in the center of the vinyl cover. Also, do you
recommend fences too? What about sensors? We are looking for
as much safety as we can get, for our young kids and also
for when they're older and for older kids who may try to
swim in our pool when we're not home. Thanks for any advice.
An automatic pool safety cover
provides the highest level of safety. Water will not collect
on top, as the covers come with an automatic pump that
prevents accumulations of water. This prevents dirty,
unfiltered water from entering the pool. It is strong enough
to hold the weight of several adults, quite easily. As a
bonus, it acts as a solar blanket, making the pool heater
more effective and less costly. If you are in an area, that
requires winter covers, it can be used, as part of that
procedure. Net covers provide some protection, but are not
the same. It is work to put on or take off and will that
always be done? The spaces between the cords allows for some
things to pass through or entangle? Automatic covers open
and close at a press of a button. An alarm can be added to
signal the opening of the cover or it can be locked open or
closed, with a key. Fencing or gates help, but are not
foolproof. However, you can add alarms to the pool or gates,
for additional safety. You should, also, make sure the pool
is equipped with the latest anti-snare, anti-entanglement
safety features. It precludes the suction, from the main
drain, from entrapping the long hair of a swimmer or
buttocks, arms, legs and other body parts. I hope that this
information will provide a peace of mind solution.
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 1/28/2008
► Vacuuming A
I have only of those inexpensive pools
with a liner suspended from a pole. The vacuum I use is just
about useless. It works with a garden hose and only seems to
move the dirt around. It will catch a leaf, but not the
small stuff. Is there an easy, inexpensive solution? Thank
Belinda T, 2/29/2008
The best vacuums are either have self contained filters or
use the pool's filter. In your case, you have neither. That
garden hose vacuum uses water flow to suck in debris, but it
is not effective and could be a waste of water. There is a
hand-held vacuum that is battery-powered, hoseless and fully
portable. It is reasonably and affordably priced and is
perfect for all types of small pools, kiddie pools and even
spas. It will make for a much cleaner pool. Enjoy the
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 2/29/2008
What causes swimmer's ears? The kids
have had it and so has my husband. Thanks for helping. Best
Helen, M., 5/23/2009
Swimmer's ear is caused by the pseudomonas aeruginosa
bacteria. This condition should receive the attention of a
medical doctor, for proper evaluation and treatment. There
are factors that can contribute to this problem. Inadequate
sanitation can play a role in bacterial growth. Water that
remains in the ear, for long periods of time, can add to the
likelihood of the problem, especially, if the water was not
sanitized properly. The practice of shaking the water out of
the ears and drying the ears, after swimming, is a good idea
and is worth following. I hope that this information will
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 3/21/2009
Pool Water Maintenance?
I just bought my daughter a small pool
for her to use this summer. It isn't a large one (103" x 63"
x 18") however it is big enough that I don't want to have to
drain it often. I was hoping that you could point me in the
right direction so that I could keep it safe and clean for
her. Could you please suggest a course of action that I may
use and the products to make sure I don't overdo it. I truly
appreciate your time and hope to hear from you soon.
Small pools can be more challenging than larger ones. The
smaller volume of water makes chemicals react with a more
pronounced effect. After filling the pool, I suggest that
you have the water tested. You will need to adjust the pH to
7.2-7.6 and the total alkalinity to about 100 PPM. The water
analysis will show if there are metals present or if water
hardness needs to be addressed. I suggest that you add
sodium dichlor granular chlorine, as it will have the least
effect on the pH. Keep the free chlorine at 1-3 PPM. Test
before and after each use and add more chlorine, as needed.
For testing purposes, I suggest the
strips. Make sure that you have use the filter for a
reasonable number of hours: 6-8 hours depending on the pump
size. Please refer to the other areas of the website for
Sincerely. Alan Schuster, 3/21/2009
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